Moses Harman (1830-1910) – From Valley Falls, Harman was a schoolteacher, publisher, and a staunch supporter for women’s rights. Adams, Brandon. Because it has provided insufficient employment opportunities, Kansas has lost a considerable number of its young people to other states. The lack of occurrence, lack of attention, lack of everything. ?-1925) – From Seward County, she was one of the state’s first female legislators. Edmund G. Ross (1826-1907) – Journalist and United States Senator. Josiah Miller (1828-1870) – A Free-State advocate who started one of the first Kansas newspapers. He was appointed the twentieth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress in 1970. Anna Marcet Haldeman-Julius (1887-1941) – From Girard, she was an actress, bank president, and author. George Washington Clarke – A pro-slavery border ruffian, Clarke was involved in a number of Bleeding Kansas skirmishes before he was finally driven from the state permanently in 1858. The availability of a reliable workforce has been one of the advantages the state has had to offer to prospective employers. Georgia Neese Clark Gray (1900-1995) – From Richland, she was the first woman to serve as U.S. Treasurer. Sterling G. Cato (??-1867?) Sven Birger Sandzen (1871-1954) – From Lindsborg, he was a renowned artist and professor. Thomas A. Osborn (1836-1898) – The sixth governor of Kansas from 1873 to 1877. James Montgomery (1814-1871) – One of Kansas ‘ most infamous “Jayhawkers.”. William L. “Buffalo Bill” Brooks (1832-1874) – Lawman turned outlaw, Brooks served as Marshal in Newton and Dodge City, Kansas, before being arrested for horse theft. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. He was a candidate at Big Springs meeting and was elected to the Topeka Convention in 1855. R. L. Pitts – From Wichita, Pitts was the first African American to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor for service in Vietnam. Edward Grafstrom (1862-1906) – A mechanical engineer for the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad, he gave his life while trying to save many who were stranded in the great flood at Topeka. There are now 93,285 fewer people unemployed in the state. John Calhoun (1806-1859) – The first surveyor-general of Kansas and a pro-slavery partisan. Notable Events in Kansas History. They were moved to a reservation in Kansas, before being forced into Indian Territory (Oklahoma) in 1873. Carry A. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Lorraine Elizabeth Wooster (1868-1953) – From Beloit, in 1918 she became the first woman elected to statewide office in Kansas, as State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Isaac T. Goodnow (1814-1894) – From Manhattan, Goodnow was a Free-State supporter and founded Bluemont College which later became Kansas State University. Nation (1846 – 1911) – From Medicine Lodge, Nation was a well-known and radical temperance advocate. Albin K. Longren (1882-1950) From Topeka and Leonardville, Longren was an aviator and engineer. Charlie Angell, Sr. (1881-1927) – Inventor of several agricultural improvements to machinery. More thinly populated than the east, western Kansas has always feared and fought eastern domination, while the east often has ignored the west. History, Tales, and Destinations in the Land of Ahs. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim (1814-1866) – Principal leader of anti-slavery forces in Kansas during the Kansas-Missouri Border War and the Civil War. Aaron Douglas (1899-1979) – From Topeka, Douglas was an African American painter and a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance. Jotham Meeker (1804-1855)  – A missionary at the Ottawa Mission. Atchison, Kansas is named for him. William Addison Phillips (1824-1893)- Journalist, historian, and member of Congress. Samuel J. Jones – Douglas County Sheriff who led the Sacking of Lawrence in 1856. Carl A. Hatch (1889-1963) – From Kirwin, he was a U.S. Mark W. Delahay (1817-1879) – Jurist, politician and Free-State advocate. Francisco Juan De Padilla (? Kansas is named for the Kansas River that creates the northeast border. James Naismith (1861-1939) – From Lawrence, he was the inventor of the game of basketball and a coach at the University of Kansas. Harrison Kelley (1836-1897) – A soldier and member of Congress. There, he operated a successful store along the Santa Fe Trail, as well as serving as a mail agent. Kansas. Kansas is known for producing some pretty great things, like food (remember to thank a Kansas farmer if you ate today,) college sports teams, and helium — but did you know that the Sunflower State has also produced some recognizable faces? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Robert Joseph “Bob” Dole (1923-Present) – From Russell, U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, vice presidential candidate in 1976, sought Republican presidential nomination in 1980 and 1988, and 1996 GOP presidential nominee. James Henry Lane, aka: “The Grim Chieftain,” Bloody Jim. Satanta (1830-1878) – Noted Kiowa chief, frequently called the “Orator of the Plains.”. Walter A. Huxman (1887-1972) – The 27th Governor of Kansas. Grenville L. Gove (18? Native Americans, explorers, and settlers. Charles Joseph Chaput (1944-present) – From Concordia, and of French-Canadian and Potawatomi heritage, he was the first American Indian to lead an American diocese. Lucy Hobbs Taylor (1833-1910) – From Lawrence, the first fully-trained woman dentist in the world. Nat Love, aka: Deadwood Dick (1854-1921) – An early cowboy in Dodge City, Nat Love, who was also known as “Deadwood” Dick was said to have been the greatest black cowboy in all of the Old West. James B. Abbott (1818-1879) – Kansas pioneer, Free-State partisan and soldier. Samuel M. Irvin (1812-1887) – An early missionary and teacher to the Sac and Fox Indians. One of the original 33 counties created by the first Territorial Legislature, Marshall County is located in northeast Kansas and Marysville is its county seat.. Rich in history, Marshall County was for years, a vast prairie covered with a waving sea of wild grasses and large herds of buffalo that for centuries had wandered almost unmolested across them. Wyatt Earp (1848-1929) – Wichita and Dodge City lawman. George W. Deitzler (1826-1884) – Free-State advocate, soldier, and politician. We use cookies. People from the rural areas, mostly farmers, ranchers, and owners of small businesses, as well as residents from the smaller towns, have tended to distrust the cities, often bringing about an impasse in the state legislature. Delano Lewis (1938-present) – From Topeka and Arkansas City, Lewis was a U.S. Department of Justice attorney, Director of the Peace Corps in Nigeria and Uganda, and first African American president of National Public Radio. Wichita, the largest city, has the state’s largest buildings, biggest industries, and most-venturesome businesses. Susanna Madora Salter (1860-1961) From Argonia, she was the first woman mayor in the nation. Before European colonization, Kansas was occupied by the Caddoan Wichita and later the Siouan Kaw people.The first European to set foot in present-day Kansas was the Spanish conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, who explored the area in 1541.. Mabel Chase ( 1876-1962) – First female sheriff in Kansas. Susan Brownell Anthony (1820-1906) ­ Leader in the American Anti­-Slavery Society, she later turned her life’s devotion to women’s suffrage and, with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, founded the National Woman Suffrage Association and the newspaper Revolution. Samuel Lappin (1831?-1892) – Prominent in Kansas political affairs, Lappin was tried for forgery, counterfeiting, and embezzlement. State law prohibits corporations, trusts, limited liability companies, limited liability partnerships, or corporate partnerships from owning or acquiring any agricultural land in the state, leaving such ownership the province of family businesses; however, corporate farming has made inroads following the passage of a proviso that allows counties a degree of choice in the matter. Later, she was among the first four women to serve in the Kansas House of Representatives from 1921 to 1924. Robert James Walker (1801-1869) – The fourth Territorial Governor of Kansas. Elanor “Peggy” Goodnough Hull Deuell (1889-1967) – Born and raised in Kansas, Deuell was the first woman war correspondent accredited by the U.S. government and the first woman to serve on four battlefronts. The Lewis and Clark expedition had a profound effect upon the Kaw. Lease (1853 – 1933) – Attorney, lecturer, writer, and supporter of Populism from Wichita. – From Chautauqua County, Fairfax was a Civil War veteran and the first African American elected to a state legislature. In observance of the Kansas 150, Governor Sam Brownback's Blue Ribbon Panel for Kansas History announced 12 Notable Events in Kansas History on January 24, 2012, in Topeka. However, the area remained largely uninhabited until the 1820s, when travellers along the Santa Fe Trail (which ran ac… Dictionary of American History, This includes historical sketches on various topics in U.S. history, such as wars, people, laws, and organizations. – Pearson was one of the first settlers in Douglas County, Kansas, fought with John Brown in the Battle of Black Jack and built a home near Baldwin City that continues to stand today. Eastern Kansas began with small farms, some of no more than 40 acres (16 hectares), but these have grown. Most western Kansas farms or ranches are large, covering not less than one section (a square mile, or 640 acres [259 hectares]) of land, though a farmer’s holdings may not always be contiguous. There is now a small but growing Hispanic minority—less than one-tenth of the population—and a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans. Osa Johnson ( 1894-1953) From Chanute, Osa and her husband Martin, made themselves known as photographers, explorers, naturalists, and authors. Peter McVicar (1829-1903) – Clergyman, soldier and educator. You may not even realize many of these famous people were born in Kansas or notable associated with Kansas, including actors, actresses, explorers, historical figures, inventors, musicians, novelists, professional athletes, important politicians, singers, sport stars and more. John Alexander Martin (1839-1889)- The 10th governor of the State of Kansas from 1885 to 1889. Noble Lovely Prentis (1839-1900) – Author, journalist, and newspaper editor who worked in Kansas for over three decades. William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody (1846-1917) – Raised in Leavenworth, Cody was a Pony Express rider, buffalo hunter, soldier, scout, and “Wild West Show” promoter. Clyde Cessna ( 1879-1954) – Airplane manufacturer from Wichita. You can never really escape. A People's History of Kansas City KCUR's Suzanne Hogan brings you tales of the everyday heroes, renegades and visionaries who shaped Kansas City and the region. Senator. There are about 125 different spelling variations of the name for these people, the meaning of the name is unknown. Earl Sutherland (1915-1974) – From Burlingame, he was the winner of the Nobel Prize for physiology and medicine in 1971. Gwendolyn Brooks (1917-2000) – Pulitzer Prize-winning poet from Topeka. Esther Brown ( 1917-1976) – Civil rights advocate from Kansas City. John Charles Fremont by John C. Buttre, 1859. ?- 1855) – Free state supporter, was shot and killed by a pro-slavery advocate. You May Be Surprised To Learn These 11 Famous People Are From Kansas. Timothy Dwight Thacher – (1831-1894) – Scholar, statesman, and editor. Their territory extended over most of present-day northern and eastern Kansas, with hunting grounds extending far to the west. Small communities populated by citizens of predominantly Russian, Bohemian, German, or Scandinavian ancestry still dot the state. They hunted American bison. Get Kansas facts, maps, and pictures in this U.S. state profile from National Geographic Kids. George Tobey Anthony (1824-1896) – Soldier, politician, and the seventh governor of the State of Kansas. Marshal in Montana. Minnie J. Grinstead (18? ?-1851) – An early Catholic Missionary to the Kickapoo Indians. The Wichita Indians who originally lived in southern Oklahoma and northern Texas also began to push into southern Kansas, as more and more people invaded their original territory. Small towns serve as local commercial centres. Required fields are marked *. Congressman and businessman from Lawrence. Charles Curtis (1860-1939) – Of Kanza Indian descent, Curtis served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, and as Vice President of the United States. Joseph G. McCoy (1837-1915) – Founder of the cattle trade in Kansas, originator of the Abilene Cattle Trail and cattle baron. Gerald Burton Winrod (1900-1957) – Evangelist, author, and political activist. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. Charles “Charlie” C. Bassett (1847-1896) – One of the many men who served the law in the wicked little town of Dodge City, Kansas. Edgar Watson Howe (1853-1937) – Newspaper and magazine editor in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The concept of People to People represented part of U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s lifelong crusade for peace. Senator. James William Denver (18? Senator. Most of the other cities depend on farm trade and agriculture-related business. James G. Blunt (1826-1881) – Physician and abolitionist who rose to Union Major General during the Civil War. Somehow, the prairie dust gets in your blood, and it flows through your veins until it becomes a part of you. Amos Adams Lawrence (1814-1886) – A Free-State advocate, the city of Lawrence, Kansas was named for him. Ben Hibbs (1901-1975) – From Pretty Prairie, Hibbs became the editor of the Saturday Evening Post and Reader’s Digest. – Politician, Indian Agent, and businessman, Elder was for many years intimately connected with Kansas affairs. He was prosecuted under the Comstock Law for content published in his anarchist periodical Lucifer the Lightbearer. John Davis (1820-1901) – Free-State advocate, member of congress, publisher and author. Christian Hoecken (? Sara Tappan Doolittle Robinson (1827-1911) – Author and wife of first governor, Charles Lawrence Robinson. Steve Hawley (1952-present) – Born in Ottawa and raised in Salina, Hawley was an astronaut who was a mission specialist on the maiden flight of the Space Shuttle Discovery. Henry J. Adams (1816-1870) – Lawyer, Free-State advocate, politician, and soldier. Horace L. Moore (1837-1914) – From Lawrence, he was a banker, soldier, and member of Congress. – A pioneer and business of central Kansas, Wellington was a founder of and essential in developing the cities of Carneiro and Ellsworth. Along with brother, Wilbur, they soon founded Duckwall Brothers was founded, featuring everything needed for the home. George Washington Carver (1864-1943) – An agricultural scientist, Carver mortgaged his Kansas homestead to go to college. Kansapedia Topic: People. John R. “Doc” Brinkley ( 1885-1942) – Famous for his goat gland transplants, gubernatorial candidate, and pioneer radio broadcaster. The national trend away from manufacturing and toward the service sector has been experienced to a lesser degree in Kansas, which has remained slightly above the national average in the proportion of employees in manufacturing. Zula Bennington “Peggy” Greene (1895-1988) – From Topeka, she was an author and columnist. Joe Engle (1932-present) From Chapman commanded the STS-2 Space Shuttle and was a U.S. Air Force colonel. Peter Percival Elder (1823-??) Place yourself where history happened by visiting our museums, landmarks and historic sites. Elizabeth “Grandma” Layton (1909-1993) – From Wellsville, Layton became a renowned artist. The result was the launching of “People to People” in October of 1961. Rush Elmore (1819-1864) – One of the first Associate Justices of Kansas Territory. Thomas Ewing, Jr (1829-1896) – Military officer, Free-State advocate, and the first Chief Justice of the State of Kansas. Samuel Medary (1801-1864) – The last regularly appointed territorial governor of Kansas. Bernard Warkentin (1849-1908) – Originally from Russia, Warkentin was among the Mennonite settlers who came to Kansas in 1873. Kanza Chief White Plume by Charles Bird King about 1822. Kay McFarland (1935-present) – From Topeka, she was the first woman in Kansas to serve as a district judge and as state supreme court justice. They come from the central Midwestern United States. Walter “Big Train” Johnson ( 1887-1946) – From Humboldt, Johnson was a pitcher for the Washington Senators and inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936. Samuel Clark Pomeroy (1816-1891) – Pioneer and United States Senator. Thomas Carney (1828-1888) –  A businessman in Leavenworth, Carney became the second governor of the State of Kansas. Pardee Butler (1816-1888) – An abolitionist minister from Atchison. Albert T. Reid (1873-1958) – Painter, illustrator, and political cartoonist from Concordia. John Pierce St. John (1833-1916) – The eighth governor of the State of Kansas. Elizabeth Carter (1835-1883) – One of the pioneer mission teachers of Kansas. Thomas Johnson (1802-1865) – A Methodist minister and member of the first territorial legislature of Kansas, he was killed by Missouri bushwhackers. John Charles Fremont (1813-1890) – Was an explorer, military officer, and politician who led multiple surveying expeditions, known as Fremont’s Expeditions, through the western territory of the United States, including Kansas. The state is mainly Protestant, with large communities of Methodists, Baptists, and Lutherans. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Mary Elizabeth. Senator and U.S. District Judge, and author of the Hatch Act. The Jayhawkers were militant bands affiliated with the free-state cause during the days of Bleeding Kansas and into the Civil War. William F. Cloud (1825-1905) – Soldier and Indian fighter in Kansas, Could County is named in his honor. Emanuel Haldeman-Julius, aka: Emanuel Julius (1889-1951) – From Girard, Emanuel was an author, publisher, and social reformer. Milton W. Reynolds (1823-1890) – Writer, politician and newspaper publisher. William Lindsay White (1900-1973) – From Emporia, White was an editor, radio correspondent during World War II, and author. James Langston Hughes (1902-1967) – Raised in Kansas, Hughes was an African-American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. Julius changed his name after he married Anna Marcet Haldeman. Charles Ransford Jennison (1834-1884) – A physician and anti-slavery Jayhawker who led the Redlegs. Colonel Sumner arriving at Constitution Hall in Topeka, 1856, Your email address will not be published. James Butler “Wild Bill” Hickok (1837-1876) – Abilene and Ellsworth gunfighter and lawman. Apart from industrialization and agriculture, the state is also popular for being the hometown of several popular celebrities widely admired world over. African Americans, mostly from the Deep South, arrived in number in the 1870s, establishing farming settlements such as Nicodemus in the northwestern part of the state. Former American President Dwight D. Eisenhower, Actress Annette Bening, pilot Amelia Earhart and comedian Buster Keaton are a few distinguished personalities from Kansas. Thomas Sears Huffaker (1825-1910) – A pioneer teacher of Kansas, one of the founders of Council Grove, and a politician. Your email address will not be published. Leavenworth, the state’s oldest city, is built around government institutions, including an army post at Fort Leavenworth, a federal prison, a state penitentiary (in the bordering city of Lansing), and a veterans’ hospital. The two are related in that none of the state’s principal cities is in the west. Oscar E. Learnard (1832-1911) – Free-State advocate, lawyer, journalist, and soldier. It’s fair to assume that growth prior to 1860 had been healthy and just ten years later, the 1870 Census showed a leap in the Kansas … William Edgar Stafford (1914-1993) – From Hutchinson, Stafford was poet, pacifist, and winner of the 1963 National Book Award. William Alexander Harris (1841-1909) -Civil engineer and United States Senator. The way they talk and the way they live. Fred Harvey (1835-1901) – From Leavenworth, Harvey started the national chain of famous Harvey House restaurants and hotels that once stood at many of the railroad stations in the West. This program of “personal diplomacy” emphasizes nongovernmental contacts between people. The number of people unemployed in Kansas peaked in April 2020 at 179,494. Damon Runyon (1884-1946) – From Manhattan, he was a short story writer and journalist. Our cookies are delicious. Charles A. Hamelton – A pro-slavery leader during the Kansas-Missouri Border War. Henry Inman (1837-1899) – Soldier and author from Topeka. From a recent trough of 75,757 in October 2020, the number of unemployed has now grown by 10,452. Henry Worrall (1825-1902) – One of Kansas’ first artists. John Pettit (1807-1877) –  Succeeded Samuel D. Lecompte as Chief Justice of the Territory of Kansas. Jacob Branson – One of the early settlers of Douglas County, Free-State advocate arrested by Sheriff Samuel J. Jones. Esther Whinery Wattles (1819-1908) – Supporting temperance, antislavery, and women’s rights, Wattles helped her husband, John Otis Wattles, to establish the town of Moneka, Kansas and founded the Moneka Women’s Rights Association. Lutie Lytle (1875-??) Later, he became a marshal in Caldwell, Kansas. A snippet view is available at [3] Webster's Guide to American History: A Chronological, Geographical, and Biographical Survey and Compendium . Walk in the steps of Civil War soldiers at a battlefield, discover tribes dating back centuries, tour the boyhood home of an American president or sit in a classroom that was ground zero in a landmark battle for civil rights. This list represents those events that had a national or international impact. Entry: Populism Author: Kansas Historical Society Author information: The Kansas Historical Society is a state agency charged with actively safeguarding and sharing the state's history. Clyde M. Reed – From Parsons, Reed was a publisher, 24th Kansas governor, and U.S. Franklin Albert Root (1837-1926) – Author, stage messenger, and publisher. ?-1856)- Shawnee and Wyandot Indian agent in 1856, Gay became a victim of the pro-slavery partisans during the Kansas-Missouri Border War. He arrested more alleged outlaws, with a warrant than any other lawman in the West. Earl R. Browder ( 1891-1973) – American Communist Party leader and presidential candidate from Wichita. Early History of Native Americans in Kansas The Indigenous People of Alabama The names of the Kansas tribes included the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Chippewa, Comanche, Delaware, Kansa, Kiowa, Missouria, Osage, Otoe, Pawnee, Illinois and Iroquois. African Americans in Kansas. Karl Menninger (1893-1990) – From Topeka, Menninger was a psychiatrist and co-founder of the Menninger Clinic and Foundation. John Brown, Isaac Goodnow, Carrie Nation, William Allen White, Walter P. Chrysler, Amelia Earhart, Dwight Eisenhower, and William Inge - Courtesy of the Kansas State Historical Society Gordan Parks - Douglas Kirkland View a comprehensive list of all notable Kansas in Kansapedia. Veteran and the first African-American to serve in the U.S. Federal Building in Wichita, prairie! People who lived in Manhattan and Lawrence Evening Post and Reader ’ s principal cities is in 1500s. P. McCabe ( 1850-1923 ) – inventor of several agricultural improvements to machinery for forgery, counterfeiting, U.S., where state government once was the winner of the remaining religious adherents 1835-1913 ) a! With Kansas affairs a slightly smaller proportion of African Americans lynched by vigilante! Amos Adams Lawrence ( 1814-1886 ) – soldier and educator Settlement patterns was for. 1801-1864 ) – Journalist and member of Congress ( 1830-1878 ) – Journalist, kansas people in history, author and! 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