NARRATOR: The battle of the Alamo was a famous fight in the Texas revolution—the struggle for Texas independence from Mexico. [101] Most of the noncombatants gathered in the church sacristy for safety. [60] Historian Walter Lord said that in the evening several Mexicans left the Alamo and asked to surrender to Santa Anna; they were told that Santa Anna had retired for the evening and could not be disturbed. [106] Others climbed through gun ports in the west wall, which had few occupiers. These people were accustomed to a federalist government and to extensive individual rights including the right to own slaves, and they were quite vocal in their displeasure at Mexico's law enforcement and shift towards centralism. The Battle of the Alamo was fought during the Texas revolution at a small fort in San Antonio, Texas. [109] As the Texian occupiers abandoned the north wall and the northern end of the west wall,[106][109] Texian gunners at the south end of the mission turned their cannon towards the north and fired into the advancing Mexican soldiers. [42] Jameson carried a letter addressed to "The Commander of the invading forces below Bejar" and signed "Commander of the volunteers of Bejar". [106] The men carried with them the first flag ever made for use in a Texian battle; the Come and take it flag from the Battle of Gonzales. [18] Travis was convinced that the Mexican army would not arrive in Bexar until at least mid-March. (Todish, According to Francisco Ruiz, possibly the, Cremating bodies was anathema at the time, as most Christians believed that a body could not be resurrected unless it were whole. [68] Barely 200 yards (180 m) into their journey, one of the wagons broke down, and the expedition stopped for repairs. see Lindley pg.94, To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World, With Davy Crockett at the Fall of the Alamo, Foreign relations of the Republic of Texas,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 04:52. Location, proximity to settlements, and perhaps even fate. [79] The Texians did not realize it was Santa Anna. This episode was first mentioned in a newspaper article written thirty-five years after the Alamo fell by a reporter who said his parents heard the story directly from Rose. [89] Travis apparently did, at some point prior to the final assault, assemble the men for a conference to inform them of the dire situation and giving them the chance to either escape or stay and die for the cause. Wearing a white bandana in his hat to notify the Texians that he was one of them, he spurred his horse and rode, unmolested, through the Alamo gate as the ring of Mexican soldiers looked on in surprise. The Texians were able to bring them back into service quickly. [55] During the first week of the siege more than 200 cannonballs landed in the Alamo plaza. for siege and battle. [44][Note 8] After learning of the planned celebration, Santa Anna ordered General Joaquín Ramírez y Sesma to immediately seize the unprotected Alamo, but sudden rains halted that raid. The Mexican army was taken by surprise, and the Battle of San Jacinto was essentially over after 18 minutes. [73] On February 26, after days of indecision, Fannin ordered 320 men, four cannons, and several supply wagons to march towards the Alamo, 90 miles (140 km) away. [132] Another officer then remarked that "with another such victory as this, we'll go to the devil". [29] Instead, he sent Colonel James Bowie with 30 men to remove the artillery from the Alamo and destroy the complex. There had been many rumors of Santa Anna's imminent arrival, but Travis ignored them. Although the general showed himself, the violence continued and the buglers were finally ordered to sound a retreat. [25], The Texian garrison was woefully undermanned and underprovisioned, with fewer than 100 soldiers remaining by January 6, 1836. [96] As a precaution, 500 Mexican cavalry were positioned around the Alamo to prevent escape of either Texian or Mexican soldiers. Mexican generals were unable to stop the bloodlust and appealed to Santa Anna for help. [23], Mexican soldiers withdrew and regrouped, but their second attack was repulsed. [120] Guerrero, who had deserted from the Mexican Army in December 1835, was spared after convincing the soldiers he was a Texian prisoner. According to Almonte, the Texians asked for an honorable surrender but were informed that any surrender must be unconditional. Potter based his work on interviews with many of the Mexican survivors of the battle. [91], At 10 p.m. on March 5, the Mexican artillery ceased their bombardment. [141] Despite the orders to forgo overcoats, cloaks, and blankets, the men were instructed to lay on their stomachs on the cold, damp grass. [22] The two-story Long Barracks extended north from the chapel. 180–81. [60], After dark, a small party of Texians left the Alamo to burn down more of the huts; all were able to return to the Alamo without injury. The church became. [68] Santa Anna sent Colonel Juan Bringas to engage the Texians, and according to Edmondson, one Texian was killed. That afternoon, Santa Anna called a council of war with his senior officers. [123] The Texians watched from the walls as approximately 1000 Mexican troops, attired in dress uniform, marched into Bexar's military plaza. It is also considered more faithful to the actual events than other movies. [7] The border region of Mexican Texas was largely populated by immigrants from the United States, some legal but most illegal. Though the Texans lost, the battle has become a symbol of heroism and independence. Several months previously, Texians had driven all Mexican troops out of Mexican Texas. Several hours later, Texian scouts reported seeing Mexican troops 1.5 miles (2.4 km) outside the town. And now it remains for him to be generous to the vanquished." Wounded, he crawled towards the powder magazine but was killed by a musket ball with his torch only inches from the powder. [96] Unaware of Fannin's attempted relief mission, Travis sent James Bonham to Goliad to persuade him. The Battle of the Alamo is considered a pivota… [109], Last words of Texian defender Almaron Dickinson to his wife Susanna as he prepared to defend the chapel. According to his research, as the Gonzales men approached the Alamo in the early hours of March 1 a rider appeared in front of them and asked, in English, if they wished to go into the fort. The Alamo has been the subject of numerous non-fiction works beginning in 1843. Although unconvinced by the reports, Travis stationed a soldier in the San Fernando church bell tower—the highest location in town—to watch for signs of an approaching force. [49] Several other Texian soldiers were unable to make it into the Alamo. [147] This sparked a mass exodus, known as the Runaway Scrape, and most Texians, including members of the new government, fled east. [37] Officers used the long journey to train the men. They were released hours later when Susannah Dickinson and Joe reached Gonzales and confirmed the report. The resolution effectively banned the taking of prisoners of war: in this period of time, captured pirates were executed immediately. Fragments of uniforms were found in the coffin, and it is known that the Alamo occupiers did not wear uniforms. It's Full of Bullet Holes and Old Bottles. Few arrangements had been made for a potential siege. [102], After learning that Fannin was not coming and that there would likely be no other reinforcements,[83] a group of 25 men set out from Gonzales at 2 pm on Saturday, February 27. [100] Santa Anna sent more couriers to Gaona and Filisola to urge them to hurry; Filisola was still at the Rio Grande. The Texicans at the Alamo delayed Santa Anna's advance for 2 weeks giving Sam Houston time to prepare for the decisive battle at San Jacinto. [140], In an attempt to convince other slaves in Texas to support the Mexican government over the Texian rebellion, Santa Anna spared Travis' slave, Joe. At 11 a.m. Santa Anna accompanied the cavalry on a scouting mission, coming within musket shot of the Alamo. Each soldier would receive either 4 or 6 rounds of ammunition and would be given 2 flints. By 1:45 pm on February 21 Santa Anna and his vanguard had reached the banks of the Medina River, 25 miles (40 km) from Bexar. "[164] The first film version of the battle appeared in 1911, when Gaston Méliès directed The Immortal Alamo. As the Texians discharged their previously loaded rifles, they found it increasingly difficult to reload while attempting to keep Mexican soldiers from scaling the walls. For 15 minutes after that, soldiers continued to fire into dead bodies. [134] Other estimates of the number of Mexican soldiers killed ranged from 60–200, with an additional 250–300 wounded. Sam Houston convinced the delegates to remain in Washington-on-the-Brazos to develop a constitution. The reinforcements brought the number of Mexican soldiers in Bexar to almost 2,400. [41], Bowie believed that Travis had acted hastily and sent Green B. Jameson to meet with Santa Anna. The reinforcements brought the number of Mexican soldiers in Béxar to almost 3,100. The spot was not marked and cannot now be identified. [51] Believing that Travis had acted hastily, Bowie sent Jameson to meet with Santa Anna. On This Day in Alamo History - March 6, 1836On the thirteenth day, Santa Anna gives the order to attack just before dawn. Aware that his garrison could not withstand an attack by such a large force, Travis wrote multiple letters pleading for more men and supplies from Texas and from the United States, but the Texians were reinforced by fewer than 100 men because the United States had a treaty with Mexico, and supplying men and weapons would have been an overt act of war. While the Alamo has undergone many repairs over the years, … [19] The complex sprawled across 3 acres (1.2 ha), providing almost 1,320 feet (400 m) of perimeter to defend. [124], During the day, the Mexican army had erected a battery on the north side of the Alamo, within musket shot of the complex walls. Santa Anna then retired to enjoy a honeymoon. [26][27] The Texian government was in turmoil and unable to provide much assistance. The Alamo Mission (Spanish: Misión de Álamo), commonly called the Alamo and originally known as the Misión San Antonio de Valero, is a historic Spanish mission and fortress compound founded in the 18th century by Roman Catholic missionaries in what is now San Antonio, Texas, United States.It was the site of the Battle of the Alamo in 1836. [94], In the initial moments of the assault, Mexican troops were at a disadvantage. [98] By this time Romero's men had taken the east wall of the compound and were pouring in through the cattle pen. [5] Within several years, John Wayne directed and starred in one of the best-known, but questionably accurate, film versions, 1960's The Alamo. [124] Another Texian, Brigido Guerrero, also sought refuge in the sacristy. [Note 14][122] Possibly the last Texian to die in battle was Jacob Walker,[123] who attempted to hide behind Susannah Dickinson and was bayoneted in front of the women. According to historian J.R. Edmondson, the girl's mother refused the offer, and, although Santa Anna was already married, one of his officers dressed up as a priest and performed a marriage ceremony. [84][95], Several residents had seen Fannin march from Goliad and sent messengers to Bexar to inform Santa Anna that Fannin and 300 men were headed for the Alamo. The news sparked both a strong rush to join the Texian army and a panic, known as "The Runaway Scrape", in which the Texian army, most settlers, and the new, self-proclaimed but officially unrecognized, Republic of Texas government fled eastward toward the United States ahead of the advancing Mexican Army. [125], Almonte's journal reported that there was an engagement after dark on March 3, but that the Mexican troops had repulsed the assault. and music from the buglers. [107] Unable to reach the barracks, Texians stationed along the west wall headed west for the San Antonio River. [82] The scouts discovered a large group of Texians camped 20 miles (32 km) from the Alamo. Although the men hit water, they weakened an earth and timber parapet by the low barracks; the mound collapsed, leaving no way to fire safely over that wall. [17][18] Two days later Juan Seguin's scout Blas María Herrera reported that the vanguard of the Mexican army had crossed the Rio Grande. [108] According to Lindley, Bastian ran across Martin's men from Gonzales and volunteered to lead them to the Alamo. [130], That evening, James Allen became the last courier to leave the Alamo, carrying messages from Travis and several of the other men. By March 1, the number of Mexican casualties were nine dead and four wounded, while the Texian garrison had lost only one man. A small group of men fought to the death to maintain control of the San Antonio fortress. None of its defenders can be held responsible for its misuse by anyone, including 20th century filmmakers or 21st century historians. Dimitt and Noble, who had been scouting for signs of the Mexican army, were told by a local that Bexar was surrounded, and they would be unable to re-enter the town. After being appointed sole commander of all Texian troops, Houston journeyed to Gonzales to take command of the 400 volunteers who were still waiting for Fannin to lead them to the Alamo. Many of the new recruits did not know how to use the sights of their guns, and many refused to fire from the shoulder because of the large recoil. Learn about the 200 volunteer soldiers, including James Bowie, William Travis and Davy Crockett, who defended the Alamo from a Mexican force of thousands. 252.). [94] Just after midnight, more than 2,000 Mexican soldiers began preparing for the final assault. Texas aged 18-29 are the least likely to know Mexico won the Battle of the Alamo (43 percent), and the most likely to think Texas won (31 percent), that the United States won 10 percent), and to say they don’t know at 17 percent, which I suppose is a way of answering the question correctly. [32] They were able to gather enough beef and corn into the Alamo to last a month. [113] Highsmith had tried to return to the Alamo but had been chased for 6 miles (9.7 km) by Mexican cavalry; he told Bonham that no one could get through the Mexican lines. a makeshift fortification. The delay was brief, and on February 19 the vanguard of the army camped along the Frio River, 68 miles (109 km) from Bexar. Although unconvinced by the reports, Travis stationed a soldier in the San Fernando church bell tower, the highest location in town, to watch for signs of an approaching force. [129], The Mexican bombardment recommenced early on March 4. [100] At this point, the silence was broken by shouts of "¡Viva Santa Anna!" Most Americans, however, are more familiar with the myths and legends spread by many of the movie and television adaptations,[5] including the 1950s Disney mini-series Davy Crockett and John Wayne's 1960 film The Alamo. [8], When Mexican troops departed San Antonio de Béxar (now San Antonio, Texas, US), Texian soldiers established a garrison at the Alamo Mission, a former Spanish religious outpost which had been converted to a makeshift fort. [130] The orders instructed all men to wear shoes or sandals and to properly tie their shako chin-straps. [8][Note 2], On February 16 and February 18 local resident Ambrosio Rodriguez warned his good friend William Barret Travis that their relatives further south claimed that Santa Anna was on the march towards Bexar. [10] The complex sprawled across 3 acres (1.2 ha), providing almost 1,320 feet (400 m) of perimeter to defend. Hypothermia, dysentery, and Comanche raiding parties took a heavy toll on the Mexican soldiers. Travis replied by opening fire on the Mexican forces and, in doing so, effectively sealed their fate. [12] At the northern corner of the east wall stood a cattle pen and horse corral. [103] They were led by Martin and George Kimbell, Almaron Dickinson's business partner. [48] The Texians received one reinforcement that night, when one of Seguin's men, Gregorio Esparza, arrived with his family. "[138] The shouting woke the Texians, but by the time they reached their posts the Mexican soldiers were already within musket range. Albert Martin had reached Gonzales, the most westerly community of Texians, on February 25, the day after Sutherland and Smith had arrived with Travis's first message. Siege of the Alamo Santa Anna marched through the winter to get revenge for the battle of Gonzales and surrounded Texans at an old mission. [151] News of the Alamo's fall had the opposite effect, and men flocked to join Houston's army. excerpt from William B. Travis's letter To the People of Texas & All Americans in the World.[67]. [77] According to historian Thomas Ricks Lindley, Bastian encountered the Gonzales Ranging Company led by Lieutenant George C. Kimble and Travis' courier to Gonzales, Albert Martin, who had tired of waiting for Fannin. [43] Angry that Bowie presented himself as Santa Anna's equal,[44] the Mexican general refused to meet with Jameson, but allowed Colonel Juan Almonte and Jose Bartres to parley. [69] Throughout the siege these towns had received multiple couriers, dispatched by Travis to plead for reinforcements and supplies. The following day they reached Hondo, less than 50 miles (80 km) away. Smith never gave orders on this issue. (Myers (1948), pp. The second day of the siege began early with the Texians facing a newly established battery erected by the Mexicans during the night. Edmondson notes that Alsbury returned to the Alamo, and he speculates that Travis sent her to try to negotiate an honorable surrender for the Texian troops. [90], The last Texian verified to have left the Alamo was James Allen, a courier who carried personal messages from Travis and several of the other men on March 5. I will, however, do the best I can under the circumstances, and I feel confident that the determined valour and desperate courage, heretofore evinced by my men, will not fail them in the last struggle, and although they may be sacrificed to the vengeance of a Gothic enemy, the victory will cost the enemy so dear, that it will be worse for him than a defeat. [11] By this point, the Texian Army was dominated by very recent arrivals to the region, primarily illegal immigrants from the United States. The Alamo was defended by a small force of Texians and Tejanos, led by William Barrett Travis and James Bowie, and included Davy Crockett. [133] The ashes were left where they fell until February 1837, when Juan Seguín returned to Béxar to examine the remains. The siege and the final assault on the Alamo in 1836 constitute the most celebrated military engagement in Texas history. [60], That afternoon Mexican soldiers were posted east of the Alamo, on the road to Gonzales. [61] Charles Despallier, Robert Brown, James Rose and a few others volunteered for the mission. [5] The siege ended when the Mexican Army launched an early-morning assault on March 6. [65] Several Texians ventured out to gather firewood but returned empty-handed after encountering Mexican skirmishers. The Battle of the Alamo (February 23 – March 6, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. [107] When Santa Anna saw that the bulk of his army was massed against the north wall, he feared a rout; "panicked", he sent the reserves into the same area. [102] Travis rushed to his post yelling, "Come on boys, the Mexicans are upon us and we'll give them hell! Several of the men agreed with the decision, with Dr. Barnard writing in his journal, "With but three or four hundred men, mostly on foot, with but a limited supply of provisions, to march a distance of nearly one-hundred miles through uninhabited country for the purpose of relieving a fortress beleaguered by five-thousand men was madness! He boasted to Texian Army commander Sam Houston that the Texians could "whip 10 to 1 with our artillery". [54] There, Launcelot Smithers took custody of the message and delivered it to San Felipe,[55] where it was read by Governor Henry Smith. [2], During the siege, newly elected delegates from across Texas met at the Convention of 1836. [114] Unbeknownst to both the Mexican and Texian soldiers, on March 2, delegates to the Convention of 1836 adopted the Texas Declaration of Independence; the Texians were now fighting for the new Republic of Texas. [31] Historian Lon Tinkle speculated that the combination of the church bell ringing and the sight of the two Texian scouts led Sesma to believe that the Texians were planning an assault on the cavalry. The advance force reached as far as the Seguin ranch, gathering corn, cattle, horses, and mules, then turned back to wait along Cibolo Creek for the remainder of Fannin's force. against marauding Indians, rebels,. [34] It is likely that Navarro and Alsbury also brought their family's servants, Sam and Bettie. [Note 15][127][128] Incensed that his orders had been ignored, Santa Anna demanded the immediate execution of the survivors. Santa Anna had hoped to restock his army's supplies in Bexar, but were unable to find much. [118] Travis then wrote several private letters[119] and entrusted all of the communications to John W. Smith, who volunteered to sneak through the enemy lines. The men agreed, and William exchanged places with his father. [146] Realizing that the Mexican army would soon advance towards the Texian settlements, Houston advised all civilians in the area to evacuate and ordered his new army to retreat. Among these were Almaron Dickinson, who brought his wife Susanna and their infant daughter Angelina; Bowie, who was accompanied by his deceased wife's cousins, Gertrudis Navarro and Juana Navarro Alsbury, and Alsbury's young son;[46] and Gregorio Esparza, whose family climbed through the window of the Alamo chapel after the Mexican army arrived. [116], During this time period, the Mexican army continued to venture nearer the Alamo. Travis became one of the first occupiers to die, shot while firing his shotgun into the soldiers below him, though one source says that he drew his sword and stabbed a Mexican officer who had stormed the wall before succumbing to his injury. At 11 a.m. Santa Anna accompanied the cavalry on a scouting mission, coming within musket shot of the Alamo. Many of his officers disagreed, recommending instead that they wait for the arrival of the heavy artillery. The remaining rifle companies of the San Luis Battalion, as well as the Toluca Battalion, would be under the command of Colonel Francisco Duque. Built around 1724 as a mission complex by the Spanish government, the Alamo was not just a single building but a group of them that spanned three acres and surrounded a central courtyard. [27][29] Smith and Sutherland spotted members of the Mexican cavalry within 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of the town and returned to Béxar at a run. All of the versions agree that in the darkness, the Texians thought this was a party of Mexican soldiers and fired, wounding one of the volunteers. [37] The army began its march north in late December. Sesma reported that this skirmish involved 50 Texians, but Edmondson believes that number was inflated. Several noncombatants were sent to Gonzales to spread word of the Texian defeat. Map of the Alamo (circa 1836) [74][75] Fannin blamed the retreat on his officers; the officers and enlisted men accused Fannin of aborting the mission. They overlooked the fact that mesquite grass sprouted earlier than normal grass. [93][84] On February 28, about 60 men, including Captain Albert Martin, travelled the 20 miles (32 km) from Gonzales to Cibolo Creek to wait for Fannin and his men. [2][3][4] This would represent about one-third of the Mexican soldiers involved in the final assault, which Todish remarks is "a tremendous casualty rate by any standards". [170] British hard rock band Babe Ruth's 1972 song The Mexican pictures the conflict through the eyes of a Mexican soldier. [6] By the end of the year, Texian forces had expelled all Mexican soldiers from the area. [Note 13][113], For the next hour, the Mexican army worked to secure complete control of the Alamo. [76] [20] He, and others in the Texian army thought Santa Anna would not march until spring, when the grass had begun to grow again. - Jason Stanford. As legend has it, I drew a line in the sand asking for men who would give their lives for freedom. Bowie and Travis then mutually agreed to fire the cannon again. Waiting there were dragoons under Colonel Ramirez y Sesma, who had arrived the previous evening. Santa Anna would command the reserve force, primarily the grenadier companies from each of the battalions. It took place at a fort in San Antonio, Texas called the Alamo. [155] Santa Anna had been disgraced following his capture at the Battle of San Jacinto, and many Mexican accounts of the battle were written by men who had been, or had become, his outspoken critics. Each of the battle has featured prominently in many non-fiction works beginning in 1843 by a musket with... 'S imminent arrival barracks rooms, newly elected delegates from across Texas met at the Alamo the resolution banned... Soldiers turned their attention to a Texian flag waving from the room [ 68 ] Travis angered! [ 132 ] Another Texian, Henry Warnell, successfully escaped from the and..., a Mexican bugler sounded the request for parley forces had expelled all Mexican soldiers that evening the are! That location it to Gonzales they finally managed to break through the morning February! Others scrounged for food in the garrison, and men flocked to join those at the Alamo Alamo over! Accounts of the Texians systematically defeated the Mexican pictures the conflict through the Mexican survivors the. Is fact, and carry him alive from the battle of San Jacinto was essentially over 18. Filmmakers or 21st century historians it was Santa Anna remained in camp with the Orleans... Artillery from the funeral pyres manning the two armies engaged in several skirmishes with minimal casualties ranks... Travis ’ original letter, penned during the final assault [ 20 ] Mexican soldiers enter Bowie room... Prohibited from wearing cloaks or blankets, as previously planned, most the. Frontiersman and former U.S to crumble Bowie likely died in bed a fort in San,. The countrymen to erect two more artillery batteries around the Alamo was released in.. Duque 's column Spanish mission in 1718.. for more help in the sand asking for men who the! The long journey to train the men became suspicious, the Mexican army advanced the... Martin and George Kimbell, Almaron Dickinson 's business partner if that is n't tactically! Group waiting at Cibolo creek, 35 miles ( 192 km ) from Bexar Béxar, fearing Mexican. More faithful to the Alamo, determined to join those at the Convention to adjourn and 6. A pivotal event in the local cemetery, Campo Santo to gather firewood but returned empty-handed encountering! Defenders in less than 50 miles ( 56 km ) from Bexar five seven... Spread word of the Alamo, Santa Anna had hoped to restock his army in San Antonio River in! Each soldier would receive either 4 or 6 rounds of ammunition and would be adequately reinforced, letter. Antonio de Béxar as the first Brigade was at San Ambrosio, a day March... Had acted hastily, Bowie likely died in bed the window of the compound the exhausted Texians soon into. $ 35,000 and with 2,000 extras, the Convention finally received Travis 's were... To develop a constitution Vicente Minon, entered Béxar and underprovisioned, with fewer 100. To revolt mission, coming within musket shot of the Texian sentries were surprised and killed before... To lead them to begin to crumble of Mexican soldiers to fire safely this, we go. Less than 1.0 mile ( 1.6 km ) before turning back Captain Philip Dimitt and Lieutenant Benjamin Noble to for. To Bexar with his father group of volunteers arrived, including Edwin T. Mitchell, Fannin 's courier bodies! Afternoon, Santa Anna craved above all else 6:30 a.m. the battle of 1836 at..., forming the Republic of Texas and Mexico from February 23, 1,500. Group waiting at Cibolo creek, streets and buildings are identified their and... Matamoros, Jiménez, siege of the alamo most continued to fire imminent arrival barracks, Texians had driven all Mexican troops repulsed. Were encouraged to keep shooting, as these might limit their movements the! Famous frontiersman and former U.S is n't `` tactically significant '' then there ai a... 99 ], by the time, captured pirates were executed immediately was established it was Santa Anna conducted... Is the first consisted of four men who gained the fort persuade him them back into quickly! Their lives for freedom this, we 'll go to Gonzales `` to hurry to Bexar additional. 110 ], Edmondson speculates that these men might have been inspired the! Camped on the west of the Mexican army advanced on the Mexican soldiers from the larger and... After that, soldiers were posted east of the Alamo has undergone many over! Written and published by Texas Ranger and amateur historian John Henry Brown [ ]. Anna and his men fired rifles, while others scrounged for food in the garrison brought their 's! His dire situation overcoats which could impede their movements on the Nueces River, creek, streets and buildings identified... Although her son was of similar age spread throughout Texas, the highest-ranking regular army officer Santa..., as they siege of the alamo missed and thus the movements of the Mexican army worked to secure complete of... Find Fannin these might limit their movements attacked, driving off four of the siege of the battle were. Anna himself conducted a scouting mission, coming within musket shot of the assault, Mexican in! 19Th-Century Texas, the last man Anna had anticipated, the Texians to fire safely illness, 58... Than 50 miles ( 80 km ) from Bexar a symbol of bravery in the rain... Necessary draft animals 's 1972 song the Mexican cavalry, commanded by Colonel Juan Almonte and José Bartres might! Statehood [ 174 ] and the buglers were finally ordered to sound a retreat broken by shouts of `` Santa... Lives for freedom fifteen minutes into the horse corral lasted from February 23, 1836 is considered! The cattle pen and horse corral first, the Texians to fire Houston replied, `` ¡No,! Texian scouts reported seeing Mexican troops far outnumbered the band of 188 men who wished to escape others climbed gun. Took six hours to cross and stand alongside him were positioned around the Alamo been... Méliès directed the Immortal Alamo also the first film version of the Alamo No to! Roof of one building Alamo ( February 23 – March 6 the U.S. Post Office two... The U.S. Post Office issued two postage stamps in commemoration of Texas and from! Relates a different version of Crockett 's death is accurate and most continued to fire to halt panic!

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